What is dia de los muertos history?
Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) is a holiday celebrated in Mexico from November 1 to 2. The origin of this celebration is pre-Hispanic when the Mesoamerican Indians honored their ancestors for a month and homage to the lord and lady of the underworld, Mictlantecuhtli and his wife Mictlancíhuatl.
This party changes with the arrival of the Spanish. They incorporated the Catholic tradition of all souls and All Saints’ Day into indigenous beliefs and created the feast as we know it.
Today, this holiday celebrates the temporary return to Earth of deceased loved ones. Unlike Halloween, Day of the Dead is a colorful holiday to remember the lives of those who have passed and the joy of being alive. In addition, this day is included in the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Part of the tradition of this celebration are the altars created, offering the food of their favorite loved ones, decorating the tombs and spending time in the presence of their deceased friends and relatives.
Dia de los muertos bread
Dead bread is a special type of bread that is prepared in Mexico. It is not a daily bread, since it is intimately associated with the Day of the Dead.
It is important to explain the form of the Dead Bread. It consists of a small sphere in the centre of the upper part representing a skull and four bobbins representing bones. This form symbolizes the four directions of the nahuolli or universe.
As time went by, the Bread of the Dead showed different ways of preparation. For example, in Mexico City and central Mexico, bakeries use plain bread sprinkled with sugar. But in the state of Michoacán it is made with “pan de hule”, which is bright brown in color, round shape and have a dedication to a deceased.
The dead bread from the valleys of Oaxaca is a large egg yolk bread that has been inlaid with a figure of alfeñique that represents the anima to whom the bread was dedicated; in the southern mountains and coast of Oaxaca the dead bread has a human figure that can be inlaid with the figure of alfeñique.
Puebla is easily made with sesame or red sugar. In Cancun the bread of the dead is a different bread for more than 300 years since the Spanish conquest and Antonio Aguirre began to make a bread made with egg yolks and decorated with pieces of bread as finger bones.
Dia de los muertos argentina
In Argentina, there is also the custom of visiting cemeteries and preparing offerings, breads and sweets to commemorate the Day of the Faithful Dead, and they are usually celebrated in Salta, Corrientes, Chaco, Tucumán and Jujuy. With prayers (called suffrages), the relatives of the deceased can pray for their salvation and purification from their sins.
In Jujuy, where it is usually a non-working day, the celebration is also known as “Day of All Souls” or “All Saints’ Day” and brings families together in culinary and emotional activities to honor the deceased.
It is also usual to see in the holy fields of the northern provinces paper flowers, if the deceased was an adult the flowers are made of black and violet paper, but if it was a child of white and blue sky blue.
The ritual of the Dead is celebrated for the deceased only three consecutive years after death and, according to tradition:
- In the first, we assume the dismay of death and respect for the deceased.
- The second becomes a lively reunion with stories of anecdotes and riddles.
- In the last one,”The Dispatch of the Soul” is carried out with the offerings in the homes and the spreading of holy water.
Dia de los muertos vocabulary words
So, if you’re thinking about going to the Day of the Dead holiday, pay attention to these words in Spanish:
- Calavera (skull), calaverita (small skull): Used as decoration
- Cempasúchil: This type of flower is used to decorate altars and tombs in Mexico.
- Calaveras de azúcar (Sugar Skulls) : They come in all sizes and decorated with colors.
- Calaca (slang, skeleton): Used as decoration
- Copal (ancientso): It’s used to cleanse a place of evil spirits.
- Vela: They are accustomed to enlightening the souls of our loved ones and helping them find their home.
- Atole: Maize gruel cooked with milk or water.
- Pulque: sweet drink fermented from agave sap.
- Pan de Muerto: Sweet bread decorated with skulls and bones.
- Angélito: refers to the soul of a child.