Although many people speak different languages, it seems that Spanish is increasing its borders. That’s why it’s important to learn cardinal numbers so you can count things, talk about money, time, age, or ask for a phone number.

the basic numbers

The good news is that we can learn the Cardinal Numbers and then just make patterns to increase the numbers, the numbers we must learn first are as follows:

0-

cero

1-

uno

2-

dos

3-

tres

4-

cuatro

5-

cinco

6-

seis

7-

siete

8-

ocho

9-

nueve

10-

diez

11-

once

12-

doce

13-

trece

14-

catorce

15-

quince

16-

dieciséis

17-

diecisiete

18-

dieciocho

19-

diecinueve

20-

veinte

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Numbers 21 to 29

Usually the numbers are written separating the tens of units, but we see that the numbers from 11 to 19 are no exception, is a union of the tens and the unit, the same thing happens with the numbers from 21 to 29.

21

veintiuno

22

veintidós

23

veintitrés

24

veinticuatro

25

veinticinco

26

veintiséis

27

veintisiete

28

veintiocho

29

veintinueve

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We can see that the initial “veinti” was always used for these numbers.

Structure of the tens

Tens of others are as follows:

30-

treinta

40-

cuarenta

50-

cincuenta

60-

Sesenta

70-

setenta

80-

ochenta

90-

Noventa

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These tens are easier to work with the units, only one “y” should be used in the middle of the tens and units.

Ejemplo: 31treinta y uno

34treinta y cuatro

57cincuenta y siete

99noventa y nueve

Structure of the hundreds

 

In number 100 it is “cien” in Spanish, besides being the first one hundred in the numbers it is the one that bears only that name.

For the numbers 101 to 199 we have to be clear about the 100 is called “ciento” and is accompanied by the name of the ten and unit (hundred -tenth -unit).

Ejemplo: 100cien

101ciento uno

125ciento veinticinco

152ciento cincuenta y dos

199ciento noventa y nueve

The hundreds from 200 to 900 have a small change, as they are larger than 100, they are now spoken in the plural as “cientos”.

200-

doscientos/-as

300-

trescientos/-as

400-

cuatrocientos/-as

500-

quinientos/-as

600-

seiscientos/-as

700-

setecientos/-as

800-

ochocientos/-as

900-

novecientos/-as

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It is also good to know that these figures can be male or female depending on the number and gender that accompany them.

Ejemplo:          320 perros – trescientos veinte perros

560 casas – quinientas sesenta casas

Structure of the thousands and millions

The number 1000 translates to “mil” and all major numbers should only use this word after the number.

Ejemplo:        1000mil

2000dos mil

7000siete mil

9000nueve mil

In the case of millions, when it is 1,000,000 it will be “millón“, and the other numbers will use the plural word “millones“.

Ejemplo:       1000.000un millón

2.000.000dos millones

9.000.000nueve millones

Structure of the thousandths

To conclude, it is important to know that many Spanish-speaking countries use the “, ” to mark the decimals of a number and the “.” to mark thousands and millions, so it is important to inform us about the correct use of the product in the country where we are going.

Ejemplo:

1.670.890,78un millón seiscientos setenta mil  ochocientos noventa “coma” setenta y ocho

Cardinal Numbers

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