## Cardinal Numbers

May 29, 2018

Although many people speak different languages, it seems that Spanish is increasing its borders. That’s why it’s important to learn cardinal numbers so you can count things, talk about money, time, age, or ask for a phone number.

# the basic numbers

The good news is that we can learn the Cardinal Numbers and then just make patterns to increase the numbers, the numbers we must learn first are as follows:

0- cero |
1- uno |
2- dos |
3- tres |

4- cuatro |
5- cinco |
6- seis |
7- siete |

8- ocho |
9- nueve |
10- diez |
11- once |

12- doce |
13- trece |
14- catorce |
15- quince |

16- dieciséis |
17- diecisiete |
18- dieciocho |
19- diecinueve |

20- veinte |

**Slide the table (mobile)**

## Numbers 21 to 29

Usually the numbers are written separating the tens of units, but we see that the numbers from 11 to 19 are no exception, is a union of the tens and the unit, the same thing happens with the numbers from 21 to 29.

21– veintiuno |
22– veintidós |
23– veintitrés |
24– veinticuatro |
25– veinticinco |

26– veintiséis |
27– veintisiete |
28– veintiocho |
29– veintinueve |

**Slide the table (mobile)**

We can see that the initial “**veinti**” was always used for these numbers.

# Structure of the tens

Tens of others are as follows:

30- treinta |
40- cuarenta |
50- cincuenta |
60- Sesenta |
70- setenta |
80- ochenta |
90- Noventa |

**Slide the table (mobile)**

These tens are easier to work with the units, only one “**y**” should be used in the middle of the tens and units.

Ejemplo: 31– treinta y uno

34 – treinta y cuatro

57– cincuenta y siete

99– noventa y nueve

# Structure of the hundreds

In number 100 it is “**cien**” in Spanish, besides being the first one hundred in the numbers it is the one that bears only that name.

For the numbers 101 to 199 we have to be clear about the 100 is called “ciento” and is accompanied by the name of the ten and unit (hundred -tenth -unit).

Ejemplo: 100– cien

101– ciento uno

125– ciento veinticinco

152– ciento cincuenta y dos

199– ciento noventa y nueve

The hundreds from 200 to 900 have a small change, as they are larger than 100, they are now spoken in the plural as “cientos”.

200- doscientos/-as |
300- trescientos/-as |
400- cuatrocientos/-as |
500- quinientos/-as |

600- seiscientos/-as |
700- setecientos/-as |
800- ochocientos/-as |
900- novecientos/-as |

**Slide the table (mobile)**

It is also good to know that these figures can be male or female depending on the number and gender that accompany them.

Ejemplo: 320 perros – trescient__os__ veinte perr__os__

560 casas – quinient__as__ sesenta cas__as__

# Structure of the thousands and millions

The number 1000 translates to “mil” and all major numbers should only use this word after the number.

Ejemplo: 1000– mil

2000– dos mil

7000– siete mil

9000– nueve mil

In the case of millions, when it is 1,000,000 it will be “millón“, and the other numbers will use the plural word “millones“.

Ejemplo: 1000.000– un millón

2.000.000– dos millones

9.000.000– nueve millones

# Structure of the thousandths

To conclude, it is important to know that many Spanish-speaking countries use the “**,** ” to mark the decimals of a number and the “**.**” to mark thousands and millions, so it is important to inform us about the correct use of the product in the country where we are going.

Ejemplo:

1**.**670**.**890**,**78– un millón seiscientos setenta mil ochocientos noventa “coma” setenta y ocho

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